Johannes Nider ( – ) was a German theologian and member of the Dominican order. His work Formicarius, published around , is an important. Johannes Nider’s Formicarius was a demonological treatise written during the Council of Basel in Switzerland. Nider’s treatise detailed the. Formicarius. Front Cover · Johannes Nider. Formicarius: Dialogus ad vitam christianam exemplo conditionum Formice Johannes Nider Full view -.

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Nider explained that females were capable of such acts by pointing out what he considered their inferior physical, mental and moral capacity.

University of Pennsylvania Press, There were other books written about witchcraft before this.

With over 25 manuscript copies from fifteenth and early sixteenth century editions from the s tothe Formicarius is an important work for the study of the origins of the witch trials in Early Modern Europeas it sheds light on johanes earliest phase during the first half of the 15th century. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.


Many of the stories relating to witchcraft take place in the Simme Valley and were told to Nider by Peter of Bernwho had conducted many witch trials in the region. Witchcraft in Europe, After the theologian would present these, the student asks clarifying questions that Nider used to dispel what he saw as common misconceptions.

According to Bailey, Nider was much more focused on reform in general, which was opposed by demons, who worked their opposition through subservient witches. The Formicarius consists of a number of books addressing various topics, including “good works and revelations,” “falsities and wicked acts,” and “the deeds of virtuous people. Valais witch trials —47 Val Camonica witch trialsNavarre witch trials Polula witch trials Lisbon witch trial Benandanti Fairy witch trials of Sicily Basque witch trials Roermond witch trial Spa witch trial Terrassa witch trials Werewolf witch trials Witch trial of Nogaredo —47 Salzburg witch trials —81 Northern Moravia witch trials Liechtenstein witch trials —82 Szeged witch trials —29 Doruchowo witch trial Please see link for more information: Pennsylvania State University Press.


Johannes Nider. Formicarius (The Ant Hill). Second edition, ca. 1484.

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This complex system of using ants as metaphors for various aspects of Christian belief and practice is only really addressed in the first few lines of each chapter, after which Nider focuses on whatever theme he means fotmicarius address with almost no joannes reference to ants. The title is Latin for “the ant colony”, an allusion to Proverbs 6: A Documentary History, 2nd ed. Additionally, each of the twelve chapters of each book was based on one of sixty conditions of ants’ lives.

Description This image is taken from a digitized version of the Formicarius, a text written by Johannes Nider in the 15th century 1. The fourth book deals with the virtues of saints and other holy people, using the stages of an ant’s life cycle.

Unlike his successors, he did not emphasize the idea of the Witches’ Sabbath and was skeptical of the claim that witches could fly by night. For information about the antthrush genus, see Formicarius genus. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Uohannes Policy. The Formicarius uses a teacher-pupil dialogue as its format.

Formicarius – Johannes Nider – Google Books

The fifth book, on witches, is structured around the colors of ants. The teacher is a theologian who is clearly meant to be Nider himself, while the student is presented as a curious but lazy individual who is there primarily to prompt the theologian to recount contemporary stories related to the book’s many themes.

This association between women and witchcraft would come to characterize much of the witchcraft hysteria of early modern Europe. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This particular copy of the Formicarius is located on the website of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, the Bavarian State Library.


Martha Brossier Labourd witch-hunt of Aix-en-Provence possessions Loudun possessions Louviers possessions Affair of the Poisons From Sorcery to Witchcraft: Search Search using this query type: Retrieved from ” https: In Nider’s Formicariusthe witch is described as uneducated and more commonly female. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Most of these accounts are representative of the late medieval religious atmosphere of what is now Switzerlandsouthern GermanyAustriaand the southern Rhineland.

Keyword Boolean Exact match Search only these record types: Nider was one of the first to transform the idea of sorcery to its more modern perception of witchcraft. The Formicarius was written between andwhile Nider was part of the theological faculty at the University of Vienna. University of Pennsylvania Press,p. Probably the most famous one was written by French Inquisitor Bernard Gui around The idea that the magician was primarily female was also shocking to some.

Log in to the Medieval European History Archives users only. The work is further of note for its information regarding notably infamous figures of the time, one of whom was the formicrius Scavius, who reputedly escaped his enemies on multiple occasions by metamorphosing into a mouse.

“Johannes Nider” by Michael D. Bailey

In each case, the student quickly becomes bored and asks for contemporary examples. Nider presents reform and proper adherence to Dominican rites as the surest counter to witchcraft. The treatise is organized the various forms and conditions of the lives of ants.